Prepared

class Prepared<out T>(source)

Lazily-generated value unique to a test case.

Usage

This helper allows to declare values that are needed by multiple tests, whilst ensuring each test gets its own distinct instance. Within a given test, however, the value is always the same:

suite("Random integers") {
val randomInteger by prepared { random.nextInt() }

test("First test") {
println(randomInteger()) // some integer
println(randomInteger()) // the same integer
}

test("Second test") {
println(randomInteger()) // another integer
}
}

Prepared values are constructed lazily when they are accessed within a test. Because of this, they have access to the test's TestDsl and can suspend.

For the specific use-case of generating random values, see random.

Comparison with other frameworks

Test frameworks usually provide a construct like @BeforeTest or similar. These constructs allow to declare instantiation code that is run before tests, however:

  • they are implicitly used by tests: in a large test file, it is difficult to know which ones may impact the test (whereas, prepared values must always be referred to in the test),

  • they have implicit ordering relationships: some @BeforeTest may use the result from previous ones, which makes it hard to know if removing one will impact test results (whereas, prepared values explicitly depend on each other),

  • they require the need of some kind of lateinit variable to store their state (whereas, prepared values' state is available in all test scopes),

  • they are not compatible with coroutines.

Test frameworks also tend to provide a construct like @AfterTest, but again, this is covered by cleanUp. Prepared values can use cleanUp as well:

val database by prepared(Dispatchers.IO) {
val db = Database.connect()

cleanUp("Disconnect from the database") {
db.close()
}

db
}

test("Test") {
// if a prepared value is accessed in a test, it is automatically cleaned at the end of the test
database().listTables()
}

Values are instantiated using the prepared helper.

Properties

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Functions

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fun <I, O> Prepared<I>.map(name: String, block: (I) -> O): Prepared<O>

Creates a new Prepared which is the result of calling block on the input prepared value.

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open override fun toString(): String